What is the WASH Sector?
Access to water, basic sanitation and improved hygiene conditions in households, educational institutions, informal settlements, community kitchens, border crossings, collective and individual shelter solutions, health centers, and Support Spaces are amongst the most crucial needs of refugees and migrants from Venezuela as well as affected host communities. These needs have become further exacerbated as a result of the dramatic impact of COVID-19.
Joint Needs Assessments indicate that there is a significant need for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services in all areas hosting Venezuelans.
Access to sufficient and clean water is fundamental for drinking, domestic purposes and hygiene. In the context of COVID-19, water is also fundamental for infection prevention and control (IPC) when it comes to handwashing.
Sanitation is also a key need, as inappropriate sanitation services led to unhygienic conditions in many facilities hosting refugees and migrants from Venezuelan in the region. Sanitation facilities need to be gender segregated and in well-lit areas to ensure prevention of protection risks. Women and girls also highlight the need to continue receiving sanitary pads and menstrual hygiene management kits to ensure appropriate menstrual hygiene management.
The main priorities and strategic areas in the field of WASH for 2021 include:
• Provision of safe and quality WASH services that are sensitive to gender and age needs as well as inclusive to people with disabilities.
• Provision of hygiene services including menstrual hygiene management, supplies and messages.
• Strengthen environmental and public health measures to reduce COVID-19 transmission.
• Strengthen national WASH sector governance to embed the needs of refugees, migrants and affected host communities in the national and local policies, plans, budget and monitoring.
To address these needs, the WASH Sector will:
1. Support sectoral and inter-agency coordination to target and prioritize the most at-risk settlements / collective shelters / reception centers / transit sites and host communities.
2. Support national governments with WASH and Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) supplies, equipment and capacity-strengthening efforts to ensure access for refugees and migrants.
3. Continue the regional mapping of WASH public policy measures to share good practices on governance, resilience, public & environmental health.
4. Provide technical guidance to ensure climate resilience is integrated in WASH responses and with the participation of children & adolescents
5. Develop a platform for exchange of technical and educational materials on WASH and communication strategies that are inclusive of persons with disabilities and special needs.
6. Provide capacity development efforts to ensure scale and quality of the WASH response.
7. Integrate cash and voucher assistance to support local markets and recovery efforts.
Due to the cross-sectoral nature of the WASH Sector, the holistic nature of the challenges raised by the migration flow, and the COVID-19 pandemic, WASH Sectors throughout the region will adopt a multisectoral approach, in collaboration with the Education, Shelter and Health Sectors, as well as with inter-sectoral groups such as the CwC/C4D and CVA Working Groups and Gender focal points.
RMRP 2020 End-Year Report
End-year report on the activities of the RMRP 2020 in 17 countries of the regional response for Venezuelan refugees and migrants.
Card de Divulgação do Evento - Nexo Humanitário-Desenvolvimento para Venezuelanos: Estabelecendo uma ponte entre políticas e serviços de WASH.
Esse evento é parte da programação oficial que levará à Conferência Internacional de Doadores em Solidariedade a Refugiados e Migrantes da Venezuela em 17 de Junho de 2021, organizado pelo Governo do Canadá em colaboração com a Plataforma de Coordenação Interagencial para Refugiados e Migrantes da Venezuela (R4V). Será realizado no dia 12 de Maio de 2021 11h às 13h (Horário de Brasília) / 10h às 12h (Horário de Boa Vista).
RMRP 2021 and the Environment: Water scarcity, its impact in the sectorial response
The first part of the sectorial analysis
GIFMM Colombia: Joint Multi-Sector Needs Assessment | December 2020
Report of results of the fourth round of joint needs assessment, implemented by 36 GIFMM partners to measure the situation and needs of refugees and migrants in the context of COVID-19. Between 3 and 13 November 2020, 214 surveyors conducted over 3100 telephone surveys with refugee and migrant households from Venezuela. The objectives of this fourth round of the joint needs assessment are to monitor trends in the levels of access and availability of basic goods and services and the difficulties households face in accessing them, how living conditions have evolved, and the main priorities of the population as a way of forming a baseline for the 2021 response. The sample design allows for an analysis at a national level, as well as for 11 departments in Colombia: Antioquia, Arauca, Atlántico, Bogotá D.C., Cesar, La Guajira, Magdalena, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Santander, and Valle del Cauca. The Spanish version of the report can be found here: https://r4v.info/es/documents/details/84221
Evaluación Conjunta de Necesidades Inicial Arauca | 27 marzo 2021
Resultados de una evaluación rápida conjunta de las necesidades, realizada los días 23 y 24 de marzo de 2021, para medir las prioridades de la población que huye de la violencia en Venezuela, incluidas las personas con necesidades de protección internacional y sus comunidades de acogida. Los resultados se basan en 50 discusiones grupales, con más de 900 participantes, 18 entrevistas con informantes claves y una revisión de los datos secundarios.
Rapid Joint Needs Assessment Arauca | 27 March 2021
Results of a rapid joint needs assessment, implemented on the 23rd and 24th of March 2021, to measure the priorities of the population fleeing the violence in Venezuela, including those with international protection needs and their host communities. The results are based on 50 community group discussions, with over 900 participants, 18 key informant interviews and a review of secondary data.
GIFMM Colombia: Evaluación de Necesidades en Sucre | Diciembre 2020
Factsheet de resultados de la evaluación de necesidades llevada a cabo en el departamento de Sucre, que se llevó a cabo en diciembre de 2020, para conocer las necesidades de la población refugiada y migrante ubicada en este territorio. Desde el GIFMM Costa Caribe se apoyó el ejercicio, el cual fue realizado en colaboración con la Gobernación de Sucre, la Asociación de Venezolanos en Sincelejo (ASOVENESINCEL) y la Presidencia de Colombia.
GIFMM Colombia: Executive Summary - COVID-19 Joint Needs Assessment | December 2020
Executive summary of the results report on the fourth round of needs assessment, developed by 36 GIFMM partners on the situation and needs of refugees and migrants in the context of COVID-19 and on the prevention and response measures to the health emergency in Colombia.